By Giuseppe Mazzini
This anthology gathers Giuseppe Mazzini's most crucial essays on democracy, state construction, and diplomacy, together with a few that experience by no means sooner than been translated into English. those missed writings remind us why Mazzini was once the most influential political thinkers of the 19th century--and why there's nonetheless nice gain to be derived from a cautious research of what he needed to say. Mazzini (1805-1872) is healthier recognized at the present time because the inspirational chief of the Italian Risorgimento. yet, as this booklet demonstrates, he additionally made an important contribution to the improvement of recent democratic and liberal internationalist notion. in truth, Stefano Recchia and Nadia Urbinati make the case that Mazzini should be famous because the founding determine of what has emerge as referred to as liberal Wilsonianism.The writings accumulated right here express how Mazzini built a cosmopolitan thought of democratic state building--one that illustrates why democracy can't be effectively imposed via army intervention from the surface. He additionally speculated, even more explicitly than Immanuel Kant, approximately how renowned participation and self-rule inside of self sustaining realms could lead to lasting peace between democracies. in brief, Mazzini believed that common aspirations towards human freedom, equality, and overseas peace might most sensible be discovered via self sufficient realms with homegrown democratic associations. He therefore predicted what one may well this day name a real cosmopolitanism of countries.
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Extra info for A Cosmopolitanism of Nations: Giuseppe Mazzini's Writings on Democracy, Nation Building, and International Relations
Blind, brute force may create victors, victims, and martyrs, but the triumph of force always results in tyranny if it is achieved in antagonism to the will of the majority. Only the diffusion and propagation of principles among the peoples makes their right to liberty manifest. By creating the desire and need of liberty, it invests mere force with the vigor and justice of law. There is only one truth. But the principles of which it is composed are manifold. ” Mazzini founded the political organization “Young Italy” (Giovine Italia) during his first exile in Marseille in 1831.
24 • Introduction Mazzini always strongly opposed terrorist activity against civilians, al though he supported guerrilla warfare against the members of regular armies. 69 Historically, his views on political violence reflected the experience of the French revolution and subsequent Napoleonic wars. The older gen eration of Italian patriots had fought for Napoleon’s army in Spain be tween 1808 and 1814, where they had experienced a fierce and highly effective guerrilla-type resistance by the local population.
Cf. Kenneth N. Waltz, Man, the State, and War: A Theoretical Analysis (New York: Columbia University Press, 2001 ), 3, 111. ” Martin Wight, Four Seminal Thinkers in International Theory, 107; and John R. Vincent, Nonintervention and International Order (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1974), 60–61. 66 Among the available means to rally public opinion behind the cause of national lib eration, Mazzini mentions politically active associations, public meetings, and perhaps most important, the press and popular newspapers.
A Cosmopolitanism of Nations: Giuseppe Mazzini's Writings on Democracy, Nation Building, and International Relations by Giuseppe Mazzini